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OCD & ADHD

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition characterized by repetitive, intrusive, and unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and/or repetitive behaviors or mental acts (compulsions) that one feels driven to perform. The compulsions are performed in an attempt to neutralize, counteract, or prevent obsessive thoughts or to reduce anxiety.

Treatment for OCD typically involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy, specifically cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) with exposure and response prevention (ERP). Medications commonly used for OCD include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and anti-anxiety medications.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is estimated that 1-2% of the global population experiences OCD. The exact causes of OCD are not known, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic, brain structure, and environmental factors. Stressful life events, such as trauma or major life changes, can also trigger or worsen symptoms of OCD.

In the United States, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) estimates that approximately 2.2 million adults have OCD. However, it is believed that many cases of OCD go unreported and untreated, so the actual number may be higher.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. It affects individuals of all ages, including children, adolescents, and adults, and can impact daily functioning, relationships, and academic or occupational performance.

The exact cause of ADHD is not yet known, but research suggests that genetic and environmental factors may play a role.

Treatment for ADHD typically involves a combination of medication, behavioral therapy, and lifestyle changes. Stimulant medications such as methylphenidate (Ritalin) and dextroamphetamine (Adderall) are often prescribed to manage symptoms of inattention and impulsivity. Psychotherapy, specifically behavioral therapy, can also help individuals with ADHD develop coping skills, improve their relationships, and manage symptoms.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is estimated that 5-10% of children worldwide have ADHD. In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that approximately 11% of children aged 4-17 years have been diagnosed with ADHD. These numbers may vary depending on the population and the methods used to diagnose ADHD.

 

If you or a loved one is suffering from OCD or ADHD, please call, we can help. Call us at (631) 724-7152 or leave your name, email and message in the contact section below.

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